Allergy season is upon us, which means the dry air is going to cause issues. Nosebleeds can happen to anyone at any age. It’s inconvenient, and sometimes messy, but usually can be treated at home. It becomes an issue when your nosebleed doesn’t stop after a while or occurs more often than it should. If this is the case, you’re going to want to visit your ENT to determine why it happens so frequently and treatment for it.
What is Epistaxis?
This is the medical term for a nosebleed. As you can guess, it’s when blood drips from one or both nostrils. The two types of nosebleeds you might have experienced are:
- The anterior is located in the front of the nose. In the lower part of the septum, there are several small blood vessels. Despite their size, if they get nicked with fingernails or even bumping your nose a little too hard, you cause a significant nose bleed. These are usually the most common nosebleeds. Unless you’re lying down, the blood will travel out of the nose.
- Posterior nosebleeds can go down the nose or down your throat no matter your position because it’s higher in the nasal cavity. It happens due to allergies drying out your nose, or more severe conditions such as tumors or blot clotting disorders.
What would the diagnosis be?
If you have chronic nosebleeds, your general practitioner will refer you to your local ENT doctors. Your ENT doctor will thoroughly examine not only your nose but your ears and throat to determine what might be causing the chronic nosebleed. In addition to this, they’ll send you for testing to rule out any issues, including abnormalities in your blood. Depending on what your doctor suspects, you might need to go to the hospital for additional testing. Some of the issues that can cause posterior nosebleeds could be:
- High blood pressure
- Blood-clotting disorders
- Nasal cavity tumors
- Osler-Weber-Rendu disease which is when specific organs have abnormal blood vessels
What would be the treatment?
If your nosebleeds are caused by allergies, then you’ll need to keep your nose as moist as possible. A simple solution is to get either petroleum jelly, such as Vaseline, or an antibiotic ointment such as Neosporin or bacitracin. With a cotton swab, apply a thin layer to the inside of your nose to help soften the surface. Do this two to three times a day during the colder month. It will probably tickle when you apply it, and you might make yourself sneeze, but it helps. You can always contact your doctor to verify.
When you do get a nosebleed, don’t lay your head back. All this will do is force the blood down your throat. Try pinching at the bridge of your nose, applying pressure, and slightly tilt your head to help stop the bleeding.
If that doesn’t work, head to your doctor or the ER right away.
Chronic nosebleeds are treated based on the condition causing it, such as lowering your blood pressures or treating the blood-clotting disorder.
If you suspect you have a chronic nosebleed or want more information, contact us today!